This lesson addresses National Health Education Standard 6, Performance Indicator 1: demonstrate the ability to apply decision-making process to health issues and problems and National Health Education Standard 5, Indicator 6: demonstrate refusal skills to enhance health.
To help students explore how to make decisions in a systematic manner.
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to
- explain why decision making is an important life skill.
- demonstrate a four-step decision making process.
The program begins with the Life Skills 101 song. Then the teacher, Mrs. Peterson, tells the students that today the class will be learning about making decisions—all kinds of decisions, big ones and small ones. As the class kids identify recent decisions that they have made, Mrs. Peterson points out that not everyone gets to make the same kind of decisions. Sometimes decisions are made for you, by parents.
She states that knowing how to make a good decision is an important life skill. With this she turns to a video featuring Slim Goodbody.
Slim begins by pointing out that throughout life people will make 1000’s and 1000’s, maybe millions of decisions. He then uses a song and an example to introduce a four-step STAR decision making procedure:
STEP 1: Stop: State the problem as clearly as possible.
STEP 2: Think: Identify choices and consider the consequences of each possible choice
STEP 3: Act: choose the best alternative and act on it.
STEP 4: Review. Decide whether the action has helped or hurt. Did you make a good choice?
Back in the class, the teacher gives an assignment, “I would like you to make a report about what it takes to make good decisions.”
At the next class, children present their work. One group focuses on consequences. They present a problem involving a friend who ignores Bradley at school. They then present two possible choices and the consequences of each. But they get stuck on Step 3: Act. They cannot decide what Bradley should do. Mrs. Peterson indicates that making the choice is not always easy. It depends on your goals.
Slim returns to say that your choice depends on your goals—how you want the situation to end up. Knowing your goal is an extremely helpful in good decision-making. Goals give you direction. They help you find your way. Knowing his goal will help Bradley decide.
Slim goes on to say that sometimes choices can be very, very hard to make, especially when you decide that you need to say no to a friend. He gives the example of a buddy who wants you to do something dangerous and unhealthy. He then suggests some strategies for dealing with this kind of a situation.
- Say no, firmly but give a reason that let’s your friend know you still care about him or her.
- Another thing to try is suggesting something else to do instead.
- Or you can use humor
- If none of these things work and your friend still bugs you to do something you don’t want to do, you might need to make a decision to leave. But leave the door open to get back together some other time.
Slim concludes that learning to make good decisions takes practice. And sometimes it may be hard. But it is an important skill that will help you stay healthy your whole life long.
|Additional Images : Click to enlarge|